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    District Acronyms and Abbreviations

    This page lists several commonly used acronyms and abbreviations you may encounter in spoken and written communications throughout the school district and its various departments. 

    See also our District Glossary for expanded definitions.

    If there is something you could not find or would like to add to this page, please email publicaffairs@seattleschools.org.


    4Cs........Collaboration, cooperation, coordination, coherence

    AAC...... Augmentative and Alternative Communication

    ABA.........Applied Behavior Analysis

    ACA.........Augmentative and Alternative Communication

    ADA.........American Disabilities Act

    AL............Advanced Learning

    ALE......Alternative Learning Experience

    ALO.........Advanced Learning Opportunity, the third tier of SPS' Advanced Learning program

    ALP..........Advanced Learning Placement

    AMMAC.....African American Male Advisory Committee

    AP............Advanced Placement. A national program of college-level classes given in high schools.

    APE..........Adapted Physical Education

    APP..........Accelerated Progress Program. One of the levels of the Advanced Learning Program. NOTE: the name of this program is now "HIGHLY CAPABLE COHORT." This change occurred in 2014.

    ART.........Administrative Review Team

    ASB..........Associated Student Body. High school leadership groups.

    ASD..........Autism Spectrum Disorder

    AYP...........Adequate Yearly Progress. Part of NCLB.

    BEA..........Bilingual Education Act. First piece of United States federal legislation that recognized the needs of limited English-speaking ability students.

    BeST.........Behavior Support Team

    BEX..........Building Excellence. SPS' capital renovation/rebuilding program that is funded via the BEX levy. Every three years there is the Operations levy and either the BEX or BTA levies as those two levies rotate in six-year cycles).

    BIL...........Bilingual

    BIP.....Behavior Intervention Plan 

    BLT...........Building Leadership Team. Staff members at a school who meet regularly to discuss building issues.

    BOC.........Bilingual Orientation Center

    BTA I........Building Renovations, Technology and Athletics Levy: The six-year capital levy program with $150 million approved by voters in 1998. It funded more than 465 projects in the areas of seismic improvements, roof replacement, window replacement, power upgrades, technology wiring and computer hardware, secondary art and science facilities upgrades, and gymnasiums and athletic field renovation.

    BTA II........Building Renovations, Technology and Academics Levy: The capital levy program with $178 million approved by voters in 2004. It funds more than 600 projects related to school buildings, art and science labs, libraries, technology and athletic facilities.

    CAI............Curriculum, Assessment and Instruction Department, a subdivision within the division of Teaching and Learning

    CAICEE.......Community Advisory Committee for Investing in Educational Excellence. Created by former Superintendent Raj Manhas in 2008, to issue a report about reform recommendations for SPS.

    CBA..........Collective Bargaining Agreement

    CBI....Community Based Instruction

    CCC...........Center for the Collaborative Classroom. K-5 literacy instructional materials adopted in 2017-18.

    CDHL.....Center for Childhood Deafness and Hearing Loss

    CIP I...........Capital Improvement Program: The bond program with $64 million, approved by voters in 1984. It funded major modernization, building additions, building replacement and new construction at 15 schools.

    CMP.............Connected Math Project

    CSIP............Continuous School Improvement Plan, the plan for improvement for each school as required by state law.

    CTE.............Career and Technical Education (formerly Voc Ed)

    DBI......Databased Individualization

    DBT......Dialectical Behavior Therapy 

    DD.....Developmentally Delayed

    DEEL..........Department of Education and Early Learning for Seattle

    DI Sub.........District Initiated Substitute

    DIS.....Designated Instruction Services

    DHH............Deaf and Hard of Hearing

    DLI..............Dual Language Immersion

    DoTS...........Department of Technology Services

    DRA.............Developmental Reading Assessment

    DRS............Department of Retirement Systems

    DWA............Direct Writing Assessment

    EALR............Essential Academic Learning Requirement

    EAP..............Employee Assistance Program

    ECE..............Early Childhood Education

    EDM.............Everyday Math, the board-adopted instructional materials for elementary math

    EDSs.............Executive Directors of Schools, staff members that oversee 100+ schools in district and provide supervision and instructional support to principals

    EE.....Emergency Expulsion

    EGP..............Easy Grade Pro

    ELA.............English Language Arts

    ELL..............English Language Learners

    EOC.............End of Course Assessments, given in math and science, required for high school graduation

    EOG.............Eliminating Opportunity Gaps and Ensuring Opportunities for Greatness

    ERAC...........Equity Race Advisory Committee

    ERP...Emergency Response Protocol

    ESA....Education Service Agency

    ESD..............Educational Service District. Seattle is in the Puget Sound ESD (PSESD).

    ESEA............Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the federal law that governs education, includes the NCLB accountability provisions.

    ESIS.............Electronic School Information System

    ESIT.... Early Support for Infants and Toddlers 

    ESL..............English as a Second Language

    ESSA............Every School Success Act. Federal law effective in 2017-18 school year that replaces No Child Left Behind law.

    ESY.........Extended school year

    e-STEM........Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math with an Environmental focus

    e-STEAM......Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math with an Environmental focus  

    F&P..............Fountas and Pinnell reading level assessments

    FEPP............ Families Education Preschool and Promise Levy

    FFS...............Formulas for Success

    FLASH..........Family Life and Sexual Health

    FEL...............Families and Education Levy

    FACMAC.......Facilities and Capacity Management Advisory Committee. A district committee comprises of an all-volunteer citizen group created in 2012 to help bring research and ideas to capacity management issues in the district.

    FERPA.........Family Education Rights and Privacy Act. A federal law that protects students' privacy

    FMP.............Facilities Master Plan: A plan identifying the use for Seattle Public Schools’ facilities through the year 2010, the improvements needed to those facilities, and the timing in which improvements should be accomplished.

    FRL.............Free and Reduced Lunch

    FTE.............Full-Time Equivalent

    FY................Fiscal Year

    GLAD...........Guided Language Acquisition

    HC...............Highly Capable, designation for students identified by testing to be significantly ahead of peers in terms of ability

    HCC.............K-8 Highly Capable Cohort, students qualified as HC-eligible apply to be part of advanced learning pathway that they may follow through graduation

    HIB. ............Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying

    HR...............Human Resources

    HQT.............Highly Qualified Teacher, a standard set by federal law

    HSPE...........High School Proficiency Exam, state assessment that replaced the WASL for 10th graders, required for graduation

    HVAC...........Heat, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: Types of mechanical systems that provide heat and air in school buildings.

    IA................Instructional Assistant

    IB................International Baccalaureate program. An international program of advanced classes that can either be taken as stand alone or as part of an overall IB program.

    IBX..............Accelerated International Baccalaureate program.

    IDEA............Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The federal law that governs special education

    IEP...............Individual Educational Plan, a federal requirement for students with disabilities (special education)

    JSCEE..........John Stanford Center for Educational Excellence, SPS center administrative building named for first African-American Superintendent of Seattle Public Schools John Stanford, 1995-98.

    LAP..............Washington State Learning Assistance Program

    LID..............Learning Improvement Day

    LLD..............Leadership Learning Day for school building leaders

    LLI...............Leveled Literacy Intervention

    LRE..............Least Restrictive Environment, an educational setting that is closest to the general education setting and still allows a student to benefit from special education instruction.

    MAP.............Measures of Academic Progress. A computer-based adaptive assessment made by NWEA and originally purchased by the district for use as a district-wide formative assessment but now used for a wide variety of purposes.

    MSP.............Measurement of Student Progress, the state proficiency assessment that replaced the WASL for students in grades 1-8

    MTSS...........Multi-Tiered System of Support

    NCLB...........No Child Left Behind, a provision of the federal education law, ESEA, introduced during the George W. Bush administration

    OER.............Open educational resources. These are free and not protected by copyright.

    OSPI............Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction

    PAR.............Peer Assistance and Review

    Para.............Para-professional who is non-certified but supports teachers

    PASS............Principals Association of Seattle Schools

    PBIP.............Positive Behavior Intervention Plan

    PBIS.............Positive Behavior Intervention and Support

    PCP Time.....Planning-Conference-Preparation Time

    PD................Professional Development

    PERS............Public Employees' Retirement System

    PGC..............Professional Growth Cycle

    PG & E..........Professional Growth and Evaluation, the teacher (and principal) evaluation procedure

    PLC...............Professional Learning Communities

    PPS...............Professional Practice Standards

    PSESD..........Puget Sound Educational Service District. Thirty-five school districts in King and Pierce counties

    RET...............Racial Equity Teams

    RIF................Reduction in Force

    RIT................Rasch Unit - scoring used in MAP testing

    RTI................Response to Intervention, the old name for MTSS

    RFP................Request for proposal issued to vendors

    RttT................Race to the Top, see Arne Duncan

    RULER...........Recognizing, Understanding, Labeling, Expressing and Regulating emotion, a social and emotional learning program used by the district

    SAEOP...........Seattle Association of Education Office Professionals, a subgroup of SEA

    SAP................ Student Assignment Plan

    SATP...............Student Assignment Transition Plan

    SBA................Smarter Balanced Assessment

    SBAC.............Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium, name for high school test required for graduation in certain subjects

    SBE................State Board of Education (or BOE)

    SEA................Seattle Education Association (Seattle Teachers' union)

    SEAC..............Special Education Advisory Committee

    SESCE............Southeast Seattle Education Coalition

    SHA................Seattle Housing Authority

    SIT.................School Intervention Team

    SPED..............Special Education

    SPP.................Seattle Preschool Program

    SPP Plus or SPP+….Inclusion model of preschool for students with IEPs that are placed with general education preschool students and provided additional classroom staff support

    SPS.................Seattle Public Schools

    STAR Mentor…Staff Training, Assessment and Reflection mentor, teachers who work with new teachers to provide support, advice and direction

    STEAM...........Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics

    STEM.............Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

    STR.................Seattle Teacher Residency

    T&L................Teaching & Learning

    TRS.................Teachers’ Retirement System

    TSS.................Transportation Service Standards

    UNEA.............Urban Native Education Alliance

    WASL............Washington Assessment of Student Learning (former state test)

    WSF..............Weighted Student Formula, the old method of determining school funding

    WSS.............Weighted Staffing Standards, the current method of determining school funding

    WSSDA..........Washington State School Directors Association